Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.
man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);
Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).
Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).
A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.
Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading
Near my native city of Melitopol is an interesting historical object – a Stone tomb . What is education, how did this natural phenomenon in the desert: “rocks “, like rocks, caves, secret letters? Some researchers say that it is a natural phenomenon, others are inclined to think that this piece of the fallen meteorite. From all over the world, tourists and researchers come to this mysterious place. According to people with paranormal abilities, in this place, near the Stone graves vibrates unexplored energy. Indeed, when we climb on “the rocks”, legs feel some vibrations. While on the observation platform of the Museum, can be very clearly feel that here, on a Stone tomb, merges time and space. Looking at the stone idols represent those tribes that took place near the Altar of this Ancient civilization, leaving writings and cave drawings cave walls. Now only the rustle of the reeds of the ancient river Dairy, stone images Yes the wind over the steppes remember the old days. People say you can’t touch the idols that they carry coded information of the tribes. The idol was put on the mounds, the graves of ancient people, it was believed that the soul of the departed into the world of the ancestors dwell in the idol, and not mechetnya living. How many legends have left the ancients, passing through our grasslands. Let’s learn about this historic site in more detail.
The most mysterious and ancient witness of the past is a Stone tomb . Many places on earth that is called the birthplace of humanity. According sumerologist – archaeologist Kitisin, slab Stone Grave inscriptions store, similar to the writings of the ancient Sumerians. On the origin of the Stone tomb is still debated by scientists. Discussed different versions, starting with the fact that it is the remains of an ancient sand banks of the Pontic sea, to version of meteoric origin and of ancient pyramids of the Amazons. What kind of education in the steppe? Maybe someday science will uncover this secret. Continue reading
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.
The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.
The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.
– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading