Copan is called the Athens of the ancient Maya. He was one of the largest cities of this civilization, but in the IX century, began to decline. In 1980, Copan was included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. The total area of the city is 24 square miles, and there are ancient buildings, temples, a stadium for ball games and a majestic staircase. To get to Copan from San Pedro Sula. The entrance of the archeological Park costs $10. If you want to visit is located here is the Museum of Mayan sculpture, to this sum will have to add $5.
This fortress town is located at an altitude of 3000 m above sea level and is surrounded by tropical rainforest. Kuelap was built between 900 and 1100 years B. C. representatives of the ancient peoples of chachapoya, which the Incas called “warriors of the clouds”. The city has preserved many buildings oval forms, among which the most notable is the tower and the fortress. The entrance to Kuelap cost $15. You can get there from the city of Chachapoyas.
This is one of the largest cities of the Mayan civilization. It re-opened in 1937, and since then, the Caracol is the main historical landmark of Belize. The remains of the city are located on the Vaca plateau at an altitude of 500 m above sea level.It survived many stone buildings, including the impressive pyramids. Caracole to get to from San Ignacio. Ticket price is $7.5.
Ciudad Perdida (“lost city”) was accidentally found in the jungles of Columbia in 1972. Presumably it was founded about 800 BC by the representatives of the Tayrona culture. When these lands began to conquer the Spanish conquistadors, the population left the city. Here are preserved cobblestone roads, stairs, round the square and several agricultural terraces. The area also has a staircase of 1200 steps. Ciudad Perdida has long been inaccessible to tourists due to guerrilla wars. Now the tour has resumed. Book a tour in one of the tour offices in the city of Santa Marta. The cost starts from $275 per person and requires good physical preparation — will have a lot of walking in the mountains. Continue reading
The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition. Continue reading