The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.
The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel
In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach
In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince
Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb Continue reading
This will happen if archaeologists will not carry out their mandated work
On the new constructions on the hem on the street of St. Andrew, 2/12, paradoxical situation. Scientists from the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine claimed to have discovered here traces of settlements XI–XII centuries — and so, we need to excavate. And in the Kiev city administration for the protection of monuments of history, culture and historical environment say the opposite: in the construction pit is nothing interesting for scientists not. In the conflict had to intervene in the presidential Administration of Ukraine and Vice-Prime Minister Vladimir Seminozhenko, because of the capital’s Hem is part of the historical and archaeological reserve “Ancient Kiev”.
Near the construction site found the manor of the XI century
— Recently we found in the construction pit of the cultural layers XI–XII centuries, says the head of the Podolsk expedition of Institute of archeology of NASU Michael Sagaidak. — We knew roughly where to look: next to the pit in the mid-1990s were built Academy of the National Bank of Ukraine, the expedition found the remains of the manors of the eleventh century. I also want to explore deeper soil layers, because the present site is in an area where we hope to find the remains of the first settlements on the territory of Kiev. To date, the earliest discovery Dating back to the year 887, was made on the place where now stands the zhitniy market.
It is essential to carry out excavations in the street of St. Andrew’s and to check the version: is famous in the annals of road Borichev Current, connecting the Upper city with Podol, ran roughly from St. Michael’s Cathedral the current through the upper station of the funicular and down to the street Borichev Current. First it was thought that this road passed, most likely, to St. Andrew’s descent. However, during the restoration of the Mikhailovsky Cathedral was found the remains of the ancient Church (they are now available for General viewing), under which, as under the Golden gate, was a passage oriented in the direction of the hem. Just so the Church-gate did not build, so there was significant road. Continue reading