For the last couple of centuries, archaeologists around the world have found more than hundreds of thousands of household items and hunting, which tell about life of our ancestors long before the new era. But excavations continue, including in our area.
At the international scientific conference “Modern problems of archeology and history of the early nomads of the Urals” on 16 April and discussed the issues related to the search of valuable antiquities.
At the conference (and she was held in Orenburg Governor’s local lore and history Museum) presentations from leading archaeologists from Moscow, Ufa, Chelyabinsk, Samara, Orenburg region, neighboring Kazakhstan, and related professionals natural Sciences.
In the Orenburg region opened 2 thousand archaeological sites: ancient settlements, hill FORTS, burial mounds. Historians and archaeologists there is no purpose to look for everything, their is already enough. But to preserve such a monument is important, though difficult.
Vice-Governor Pavel Samsonov . opening the conference, recalled that the Orenburg area is considered to be the heart of Eurasia.
— The Orenburg region is a unique region because is located in the center of Eurasia, has been and remains a historical crossroads of civilizations of the past, a crossroads of cultures, Economics. Why so many significant monuments of history.
Pavilasovich meant primarily Kargalinskoe copper mines and Filippovskii mounds, which were the discoveries of the world level, as part of the cultural and historical heritage of all mankind. Findings in these areas indicate that more than 3 thousand years ago there was the development that had global significance. Take the Kargaly — in the bronze age up to 80 per cent of copper the peoples of Eurasia received from here. Continue reading
The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.
The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel
In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach
In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince
Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb Continue reading
Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading