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The Museum of archaeology and Ethnography

The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.

These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.

In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.

In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading

Incredible archaeological discoveries this year

Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.

The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)

World’s oldest pretzel

Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery

In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.

A bakery in the old photo

The oldest peach stones

Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter. Continue reading

Greece

Experts from the Ministry of culture of Greece, the University of Copenhagen and the Danish Institute in Athens, engaged in a collaborative study of a submerged port of Corinth, made a sensational discovery. During the survey of the entrance channel to the harbour had been discovered eight pillars — the remains of structures submerged port. To the West of the canal were also opened two Mall. To their surprise, the researchers found that the discovery of more than half. Read more ”

According to the linguist-archaeologist and coordinator of the Erasmus program University of applied Sciences of Crete, Gareth Owens, the key to deciphering the Phaistos disk is a Minoan goddess of love Astarte. Analyzing the results of recent studies, Gareth Owens concludes: “there is No doubt that Phaistos disk is written in religious text. This becomes evident when compared with other religious words and inscriptions with the sacred. Read more ”

Sunken in the year 65 BC, the ancient ship was discovered off the island of Antikythera in 1900, and his research formed the epoch of the formation of underwater archaeology. Scientists have discovered at the shipwreck numerous ancient monuments, including the unique bronze statues and the famous Antikythira mechanism, however, despite lasting over a hundred years of research, the finds continue. New discoveries reported. Read more ”

Archaeological excavations
on the island of Crete began on 23 March 1900. They were directed by the English collector and lover of antiquity Arthur Evans. Has not passed also several hours as archaeologists discovered the remains of the ancient building and various expensive items that belonged to the once powerful ruler. Evans was eager to show the world his discovery. Reports of sensational excavations in Crete have appeared in almost all Newspapers. Read more ”

Since the summer of 2020 from a provincial Greek town Amfipoli regularly received archaeological news, each of which invariably bolted the press yellower or interrogative, or an exclamation point: “Scientists have got inside a giant tomb!”, “Found decapitated sphinxes!”, “Discovered tomb of Alexander the great?”, “The mystery of the family of Alexander the Great!” and so on. The most frequent search request in Greek. Read more ” Continue reading

In Egypt, archaeologists discovered the remains of an unknown Pharaoh
The remains of this Pharaoh may be the most significant recent archaeological finds The remains of the Pharaoh who lived 3600 years ago, discovered this month in southern Egypt may…

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An ancient city destroyed by a nuclear blast
Mohenjo-Daro ( "hill of the dead") — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city…

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