bronze

The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds

Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.

How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).

The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.

The main tasks of the study of burial grounds

The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading

The archaeological Museum of Istanbul

The archaeological Museum in Istanbul is a real time machine that will help you to make a journey through the centuries. Istanbul is a city that is over 2000 years old. Just think about these numbers! After all, 2000 years is 20 centuries 730000 or days and nights. All of these millenniums, centuries, years and days there lived and people died, leaving behind many accompanying things. These things are real treasures, although at first glance it is a normal pot or a statue, or even just stone. And all because this is our cultural heritage, worthy of admiration!

Numerous archaeological finds made on the territory of Istanbul and Turkey, and beyond them are now kept in the archaeological Museum. A lot of people – local residents, experts scientists from all over the world, as well as just visitors comes here every day. So, deciding to go there, please be patient – long queues you can not avoid. By the way, these queues are some of the most short in relation to the queues at Hagia Sophia or, say, the Basilica Cistern or Topkapi Palace.

Istanbul archaeology museums: how to get

To find the Museum itself is very easy – facing the Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia), locate a small,but very nice and Atmeydani Caddesi her envelope on the left side. Follow this lane straight on, without (Atmeydani Caddesi after a while “change” the name on Alemdar Caddesi) and noticing the crowd next to Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzesi, stop. You are on the spot.

For more information please refer to our map of tourist attractions in Istanbul .

Istanbul archaeological Museum is striking from the entrance. Even standing in line for a ticket, and I want to look behind the iron gate blocking the way. Already seen the first exhibits, which, in fact, is the physical building of the Museum, as well as numerous statues, vessels, millstones, etc., that is located in a cozy courtyard. Continue reading

Tours to archaeological excavations in the vicinity of Astana.

Prehistoric sites or settlements on the territory of Astana have not yet been found, although the stay of ancient people here and in surrounding areas is beyond doubt. In the spring of 1930 when planting trees in the school yard of the second stage, students dug up a clay pot with ornaments typical of the Andronovo culture and two of the tip of the arrows – one pink, the other grey stone. After about a month at the bottom Kubanskogo log (solona Balka) resident of the city of L. I. Shcheglov picked up a bronze spearhead. Unfortunately, both specimens were completely lost. In 1968 – 1972, during dredging of the river Ishim in the pulp that is thrown on shore by the dredge, there were small shards of pottery of Andronovo pottery, crushed bones, cores, sharp blade-flakes produced during the manufacture of stone tools. In 1955 – 1957, archaeologist and ethnographer Vasily Demyanovich Solocinski opened around Tselinograd about twenty primitive campsites, mainly Andronovo culture. The richest material was Ishim car Park – approximately five kilometres South-East of the city, on the right steep Bank of the Ishim . and Dusinska in sixty kilometrah the North-West, by the river Damsa . The cultural layer of Parking Ishim lies in the 70 – 100 centimeters from the surface of the earth is visible in the cut Bank. Parking abounds in fragments of pottery, animal bones crushed, flakes, knives, blanks made of flint, pieces of charcoal. It produced a few stone arrowheads, round bone piercing punch and other things typical of the Andronovo culture in the transition from the stone to the bronze age. Dusinska Parking Ishim younger, dated to the third or fourth millennia BC. In the past years of fruitful work the senior scientific employee of Tselinograd regional history Museum Valery Stepanovich Voloshin. Through open and surveyed the Parking lots and graves dated to the Paleolithic and bronze age, close to seventy. Among them, the Parking of the stone age behind the line of the railway of the city. With the assistance of the Institute of history, archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Voloshin every summer forms among students of senior classes, students and teachers of the archaeological expedition in the region. The expedition materials added to the collections of Tselinograd regional history Museum. About Parking near the silicate brick factory in the summer of 1969 said the bulldozer. The attention of machine operators attracted by the fact that in produced building sand crushed Continue reading

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