archaeology

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Inappropriate artifacts

In archaeology there is a term — “out of place artifact”. Them to denote man-made objects, the technological level which is far ahead of the supposedly corresponding to the given historical period. Such artifacts today found in different parts of the globe. This casts doubt on our understanding of the development of science and technology.

The Delhi column

The great wall of Texas

In 1852 Texas farmers, digging a hole under the economic needs, found the remains of a stone wall, the age of which ranged from 200 to 400 thousand years.

Dr. John Gussman from the University of Texas at Dallas found that all the stones that comprised the wall, have the same level of magnetic field, and concluded that it is a natural formation. However, other researchers did not agree with him. So, the geologist James Shelton of Harvard University and the architect John Lindsey drew attention to the presence in the wall elements, reminiscent of architectural arches, portals, bridges, and square holes, like Windows.

The Delhi column

The age of this pillar in Delhi has more than 1500 years. She of 99.72 per cent consists of iron but does not rust.

According to the head of the Department of applied Sciences and Humanities Institute of technology, India Professor A. P. Gupt, currently the iron of such purity can only be made by premillennialism, but it will contain manganese and sulfur, which are composed of the Delhi columns are missing. Continue reading

The main factors and stages of anthropogenesis according to modern science

Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.

man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);

Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).

Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).

A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.

Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading

The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds

Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.

How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).

The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.

The main tasks of the study of burial grounds

The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading

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