archaeology

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The legendary ruins of Troy.

The legendary ruins of Troy.To the South of the Dardanelles, in a small space between the alluvial plain, where the waters of Kuchuk-Menderes flow, and the spurs of the hills of Khizarlyk, lie the ruins of this unique city, about which there are many myths and legends. As a result of excavations undertaken since the middle of the XIX century, traces of an ancient city have been found, which allows us to recreate the image, although incomplete, of the legendary city of Ilium, which was immortalized in his poem by the great Homer.

The first search attempts were made in 1870 by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. He was convinced of the existence of a city near Khizarlik, contrary to the popular belief at that time that Troy was nothing but a legend sung by Homer. After Schliemann’s death, the work was continued by Wilhelm Dorpfeld and closed in 1894. Subsequent excavations conducted by Karl V. Blegen confirmed the presence of at least nine levels of urbanization (Troy I-IX). The first cultural layers can be attributed to 3000 BC. These included fortification of the structure. Continue reading

Inappropriate artifacts

In archaeology there is a term — “out of place artifact”. Them to denote man-made objects, the technological level which is far ahead of the supposedly corresponding to the given historical period. Such artifacts today found in different parts of the globe. This casts doubt on our understanding of the development of science and technology.

The Delhi column

The great wall of Texas

In 1852 Texas farmers, digging a hole under the economic needs, found the remains of a stone wall, the age of which ranged from 200 to 400 thousand years.

Dr. John Gussman from the University of Texas at Dallas found that all the stones that comprised the wall, have the same level of magnetic field, and concluded that it is a natural formation. However, other researchers did not agree with him. So, the geologist James Shelton of Harvard University and the architect John Lindsey drew attention to the presence in the wall elements, reminiscent of architectural arches, portals, bridges, and square holes, like Windows.

The Delhi column

The age of this pillar in Delhi has more than 1500 years. She of 99.72 per cent consists of iron but does not rust.

According to the head of the Department of applied Sciences and Humanities Institute of technology, India Professor A. P. Gupt, currently the iron of such purity can only be made by premillennialism, but it will contain manganese and sulfur, which are composed of the Delhi columns are missing. Continue reading

The main factors and stages of anthropogenesis according to modern science

Social evolution — the origin of man and of society — is enormous (start) epoch in the history of public and critical moment in the history of observeronly. The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States), the creation of their civilization meant a qualitative change in the evolution of life on Earth, and may be in device Space.

man is part of the animal world, belonging to mammals, the Primate order, the hominid family, the genus forms a Ho-mo, consisting of two species — Homo primigenius (the Man primitive, primitive) and Homo sapiens (wise Man);

Social evolution — the origin of man and society . The emergence of intelligent beings, their Association in different types of community (race, ethnic groups, States).

Reconstruction of patterns, stages, options of anthropogenesis is based on data from a number of scientific disciplines . first of all, such as : archaeology (excavations of the remains of the first humans and their cultural tools, dwellings, settlements, graves); Ethnography (collecting data about the oldest traditions of contemporary Nations); anthropology (recreates the physical appearance of ancient people and the natural conditions of their habitat, i.e. the biology of the species Homo sapiens), ethology of primates (studying the principles of behavior of higher animals, and especially our semiclassic “relatives” — apes); the history of primitive society (which suggests the original forms and first stages of social development).

A theoretical synthesis of the conclusions of different Sciences, explanation of the origin of humans, thinking over the mysterious hitherto the parties of anthropo — doing theology and philosophy.

Myths-religious version of anthropogenesis are reduced to legends of animals-the progenitors, the parables of the creation of the first men by God. Continue reading

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The archaeological site of ancient Troy
This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer "Iliad" and…

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The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds
Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly…

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