To the South of the Dardanelles, in a small space between the alluvial plain, where the waters of Kuchuk-Menderes flow, and the spurs of the hills of Khizarlyk, lie the ruins of this unique city, about which there are many myths and legends. As a result of excavations undertaken since the middle of the XIX century, traces of an ancient city have been found, which allows us to recreate the image, although incomplete, of the legendary city of Ilium, which was immortalized in his poem by the great Homer.
The first search attempts were made in 1870 by the German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann. He was convinced of the existence of a city near Khizarlik, contrary to the popular belief at that time that Troy was nothing but a legend sung by Homer. After Schliemann’s death, the work was continued by Wilhelm Dorpfeld and closed in 1894. Subsequent excavations conducted by Karl V. Blegen confirmed the presence of at least nine levels of urbanization (Troy I-IX). The first cultural layers can be attributed to 3000 BC. These included fortification of the structure. Continue reading
London was founded in 43 BC during the Roman invasion of Britain led by Emperor Claudius. There is a theory that by the time of the invasion on this territory there was a large settlement, but during archaeological excavations nothing of the sort was discovered. However most of the historic centre, the excavations were not subjected, and the existence of a settlement prior to the invasion is completely impossible to deny.
At first, London was a very small area. In the nineteenth century, the archaeologists found that the length of the city from East to West was approximately 1 mile (about 1.6 km), and from North to South — about 0.5 miles (about 0.8 km).
Around 60 ad the city was attacked by a Briton Queen Boudica (Boadicea) and a large part of London was given over to the fire. The Romans responded by capturing some 80,000 Britons. Soon after the battle took place between the Britons and the Romans. According to popular belief, the battle took place on the site of the present station, kings Cross, Boudicca, defeated, committed suicide by taking poison. Continue reading
Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Continue reading