Prehistoric sites or settlements on the territory of Astana have not yet been found, although the stay of ancient people here and in surrounding areas is beyond doubt. In the spring of 1930 when planting trees in the school yard of the second stage, students dug up a clay pot with ornaments typical of the Andronovo culture and two of the tip of the arrows – one pink, the other grey stone. After about a month at the bottom Kubanskogo log (solona Balka) resident of the city of L. I. Shcheglov picked up a bronze spearhead. Unfortunately, both specimens were completely lost. In 1968 – 1972, during dredging of the river Ishim in the pulp that is thrown on shore by the dredge, there were small shards of pottery of Andronovo pottery, crushed bones, cores, sharp blade-flakes produced during the manufacture of stone tools. In 1955 – 1957, archaeologist and ethnographer Vasily Demyanovich Solocinski opened around Tselinograd about twenty primitive campsites, mainly Andronovo culture. The richest material was Ishim car Park – approximately five kilometres South-East of the city, on the right steep Bank of the Ishim . and Dusinska in sixty kilometrah the North-West, by the river Damsa . The cultural layer of Parking Ishim lies in the 70 – 100 centimeters from the surface of the earth is visible in the cut Bank. Parking abounds in fragments of pottery, animal bones crushed, flakes, knives, blanks made of flint, pieces of charcoal. It produced a few stone arrowheads, round bone piercing punch and other things typical of the Andronovo culture in the transition from the stone to the bronze age. Dusinska Parking Ishim younger, dated to the third or fourth millennia BC. In the past years of fruitful work the senior scientific employee of Tselinograd regional history Museum Valery Stepanovich Voloshin. Through open and surveyed the Parking lots and graves dated to the Paleolithic and bronze age, close to seventy. Among them, the Parking of the stone age behind the line of the railway of the city. With the assistance of the Institute of history, archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Voloshin every summer forms among students of senior classes, students and teachers of the archaeological expedition in the region. The expedition materials added to the collections of Tselinograd regional history Museum. About Parking near the silicate brick factory in the summer of 1969 said the bulldozer. The attention of machine operators attracted by the fact that in produced building sand crushed Continue reading
According to another legend, which is set out in the Chronicles of the nearby Buddhist monastery, the pyramids began in the era of ancient emperors, whose ancestors came to Earth on “the kites of iron”. Therefore, the oldest of the pyramids is more than 5,000 years. A full-blooded descendants of those ancient aliens from outer space in China is considered to be the stunted folk “Zopa”, living now in China’s Sichuan province. Far from their settlements, in a remote area of the mountain range of Bayan-Kara-Ula are amazing ancient burial sites. In huge multi-tiered buildings are absolutely correct round shape with radiating in all directions stone rays are numerous graves with the remains of the ancestors “Zopa”, the age of the earliest of which nearly 12,000 years! Inside the tombs lie the skeletons of mysterious creatures similar to human, but differs from them a disproportionately large skull is too thin and fragile bones. In some burials the researchers also found metal disks with a diameter of 30 cm and a thickness of 1 cm, on which both parties were located in a spiral engraved with unknown characters and symbols. Just found 715 similar disks, most of them had traces of exposure in the distant past of strong magnetic fields. After decryption, Kotorosl about 25 years, was that the drives contain the history of the destruction of the spaceship of the ancestors “Zopa” that had come from Sirius, as well as the hardships and suffering endured by those who survived after the disaster. Since then, on the orders of the Chinese government the area is declared closed for any unauthorized visits.
True or not, but really ancient China has produced many unique inventions: from the first rocket technology and gunpowder to printing and toilet paper. Two thousand years ago the Chinese already used drilling rigs for salt mining, oil and gas. Their height exceeded 50 m, they used durable bamboo cables and iron drills of different shapes, and the extracted gas was passed at a distance on the pipe system. Then were developed the first tool – a device for measuring the distance traveled by the cart; the basis of their mechanism constituted of a gear reducer, the prototype of the modern manual transmission car. In the II century of our era scientist and inventor Zhang Heng (78-139 ad) invented the first seismograph, which allowed to predict earthquakes, and celestial globe of mechanical and compass (a cart with a mechanism of gears, a pointer Continue reading
The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.
Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.
Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.
The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading