archaeologist

The art of the Aegean world

Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands, the Cyclades, the Peloponnese Peninsula, the Western coast of Asia Minor and the Eastern Mediterranean. The center of the Aegean culture is the island of Crete.

The first successful archeological excavations date back to 1876-the year in Mycenae and 1899-the year in Crete. Peak archaeological excavations clung to the NINETEENTH century. Then it was excavated several large cities: Poliochne (Lemnos island), Phylakopi (Milos island), Troy, Micena. In Poliochne was investigated wall height of 5 m; in Three of the Royal residence; in Crete the palaces of Knossos, Phaistos and Mallia; a in Mycenae Acropolis.

The most important discoveries can be called the conclusion of the English archaeologist Arthur Evans in the early twentieth century. After their amazing discoveries in Crete, he first compared them with the ancient Greek literature, Egyptian and Asian texts, and came to the conclusion that the culture of Crete to be associated with the cultures of Egypt and other countries of the ancient East. After that, he presented his version of the periodization of Aegean civilization and called it Minoan. Its essence is to divide it into three main periods, and each period of three subperiod. The study of the Aegean culture at the moment is complicated,as the script is still not deciphered.

– The early Minoan period (3000 – 2300 years BC). It lasted almost 8 centuries, and during this time the island of Crete didn’t know enemy attacks. This allowed well-to develop the agrarian sector (the island at that time was very fertile), navigation (the tracks lead to Egypt). At the same time started the development of metal, namely copper, which in turn gives impetus to the development of the craft. Continue reading

The oldest city of the world

Not every city is fortunate enough to preserve the original appearance. In difficult times of war and conquest many cities were destroyed and then rebuilt, so only a few buildings managed to “survive” until our times. Remains of a magnificent city, which can rightfully wear the proud title of “the oldest city in the world”.

Jericho (Palestine)

The mention of the first settlements on the site of modern Jericho are 9000 BC, After three millennia, the city actively began to rebuild and by the end of the 3rd and 2nd Millennium reached its peak. Several times he has been destroyed, one of which was mentioned in the Bible.

It was a magnificent city, in which houses were built of brick and stone. Archaeologists discovered ruins of an ancient synagogue, Dating back to I century BC, a magnificent winter palaces with baths, swimming pools and ornate halls. Near Jericho the mountain of Karantal, which, according to legend, Jesus was forty days tempted of the devil. Now in that place there is the magnificent rock-hewn monastery of Temptation.

Damascus (Syria)

One of the oldest city is Damascus, the first mention of which appeared in the middle of the 2nd Millennium BC. Due to the fact that in ancient times Damascus was under the rule of the Egyptians, Israelites, Assyrians, Persians and even Alexander the great, this ancient gurudwaras in the culture of these peoples.

He became known for his Damascus steel, which was popular in medieval Europe. Today you can see the ruins of the ancient gates of the fortress protecting the city from invasions, the Catholic Church, temples, mosques, the old houses that represent the most important monuments of Damascus culture and history. Continue reading

Tours to archaeological excavations in the vicinity of Astana.

Prehistoric sites or settlements on the territory of Astana have not yet been found, although the stay of ancient people here and in surrounding areas is beyond doubt. In the spring of 1930 when planting trees in the school yard of the second stage, students dug up a clay pot with ornaments typical of the Andronovo culture and two of the tip of the arrows – one pink, the other grey stone. After about a month at the bottom Kubanskogo log (solona Balka) resident of the city of L. I. Shcheglov picked up a bronze spearhead. Unfortunately, both specimens were completely lost. In 1968 – 1972, during dredging of the river Ishim in the pulp that is thrown on shore by the dredge, there were small shards of pottery of Andronovo pottery, crushed bones, cores, sharp blade-flakes produced during the manufacture of stone tools. In 1955 – 1957, archaeologist and ethnographer Vasily Demyanovich Solocinski opened around Tselinograd about twenty primitive campsites, mainly Andronovo culture. The richest material was Ishim car Park – approximately five kilometres South-East of the city, on the right steep Bank of the Ishim . and Dusinska in sixty kilometrah the North-West, by the river Damsa . The cultural layer of Parking Ishim lies in the 70 – 100 centimeters from the surface of the earth is visible in the cut Bank. Parking abounds in fragments of pottery, animal bones crushed, flakes, knives, blanks made of flint, pieces of charcoal. It produced a few stone arrowheads, round bone piercing punch and other things typical of the Andronovo culture in the transition from the stone to the bronze age. Dusinska Parking Ishim younger, dated to the third or fourth millennia BC. In the past years of fruitful work the senior scientific employee of Tselinograd regional history Museum Valery Stepanovich Voloshin. Through open and surveyed the Parking lots and graves dated to the Paleolithic and bronze age, close to seventy. Among them, the Parking of the stone age behind the line of the railway of the city. With the assistance of the Institute of history, archaeology and Ethnography of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR Voloshin every summer forms among students of senior classes, students and teachers of the archaeological expedition in the region. The expedition materials added to the collections of Tselinograd regional history Museum. About Parking near the silicate brick factory in the summer of 1969 said the bulldozer. The attention of machine operators attracted by the fact that in produced building sand crushed Continue reading

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