Claudia Chang (Claudia Chang), an archeologist at Sweet Briar College of Virginia, does research and conducts excavations in the seven rivers, geographic region, most of which is located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. She deals with this issue for two decades and says the results of the latest research disproves the existing opinion about the representatives of the steppe civilization as cruel and backward people.
Ms. Chang, along with colleagues published the results of years of work in the monograph “the Ancient art and culture of Kazakhstan”. The book was published in the publishing house of the University pristanische in parallel with the opening of the exhibition about the archaeology of the Iron age in the Museum of the Institute of the Ancient world at new York University. The exhibition presents artifacts of the nomadic tribes of the first Millennium BC, was found not only in Central Asia but in Persia and China. It is a product of the Iranian-speaking Saka tribes close to the Scythians; presumably Turkic wusun, who lived in those days in the North of uyguriya; items Pazyryk culture. The exhibition features inlaid turquoise and coral gold diadem made wusun the master and a few dozen Golden statuettes leopards and ibex. The geography of finds includes a large part of the territory of sovremennostyu from Shilikty near the Aral sea to the mountains of Tarbagatai ridge on the Eastern border with China. The exhibits have been selected to better show the interpenetration of steppe culture with ancient Chinese and Persian traditions.
Soren stark (Soeren Stark), co-curator of the exhibition and author of one of the sections of the book, talks about the community symbolism of ancient Persia and Central Asia. For example, the mythological winged creature, the Chimera with the body of a deer and wings of an eagle was revered in both regions, can be traced in China. The exhibited items indicate a high level of skill of the ancient craftsmen. Continue reading
A new law against “black diggers” in certain circumstances can turn a search engine and even common summer resident in the offender. The correspondent of “BaltInfo” figured out who needed the new sanctions, and as these are professionals and Amateurs in search of earth.
By European standards?
Recently the state Duma adopted in the first reading a set of amendments to the laws on the protection of archaeological monuments and of objects of archaeological heritage. Under this initiative, known as the “law against “diggers”, amends the 243-th article of the Criminal code of the Russian Federation. New points of the law severe sanctions against those who without permission leads these or other excavations. In case of acceptance of amendments, improvident lovers shovels and scrapers can expect severe punishment.
Thus, the new law actually introduces a complete ban on unauthorized, without the permission of the relevant authorities, the use of search technology. For unauthorized recovering targets could face a fine of up to 500 thousand rubles, and in some cases provides corrective works and imprisonment of up to 6 years.
As has told to the correspondent “BaltInfo” the chief specialist of Committee on youth policy of the Leningrad region Vladimir Kazakov, Russia two years ago, is a signatory to the European Convention, and therefore potrzebowalismy Federal law in accordance with it.
Alexander novokshonova of a search party “Ingria” believes that its activities in this bill radically nothing will change. Just now he might be a little more careful. Continue reading
One of big trading, craft and cultural centres that emerged on the ancient “Silk road”, was the great city with its famous suburbs Kokmardan, Cedar, Oksyz, Karakose, busy, famous as centers of trade and handicraft Affairs, science and culture and gave the world such outstanding scientists-Encyclopaedists, as Abu Nasr al-Farabi (870-950), Gabbas Side al-Jauhari (IX century), Ishaq al-Farabi (d. 961), Ismail al-Jauhari (mind. 1002), Ahmed al-Otari (XI—XII). Otrar had a clear layout of streets, blocks, squares, which was accessed through three gates, equipped with reversible bridges over the moat. The presence in the city mint coinage, artisan quarters, sanitation shows developed in the early middle ages urban life.
Only adjacent to the downtown area was more than 10 large and small towns, for many miles stretched his agricultural district with excellent irrigation facilities. In thicker multi-layer giant hill on an area of 20 hectares, what appears before us today Otrar, archaeologists K. A. Akishev, K. M. Baypakov, L. B. Erzakovich and others found the remains of material culture from the first centuries up until the first quarter of the eighteenth century, when the last inhabitants left in this desolate city.I had my reasons. Barely revived after the Mongol invasion, the city was repeatedly subjected to difficult tests, and became the scene of fierce clashes first between the rulers of the Golden Horde and Tamerlane, then Kazakh and Central Asian khanates.
Starting from the XV century, with the advent of the great geographical discoveries of the ancient “silk road” lost its former importance. Here less and less began to go the caravans of merchants with goods from different countries. Gradually declined, the artisanal, the network of ancient irrigation systems, the scale of farming. But the city continued to live until the eighteenth century. It is noteworthy that the architectural and design techniques Otrar dwellings, objects of material culture found in this once flourishing oasis are analogous in the Kazakh housing construction, the traditional culture of the Kazakh people, emphasizing the interrelationship of cultures, generations. In 2001-2004 there has been a project of UNESCO, Kazakhstan and Japan “Preservation and conservation of ancient Otrar”. Continue reading