The city of Tiryns, built in the XIII century BC, is a unique sample of fortification architecture. About him can say the words of Homer: “a city with strong walls”. Monumental buildings of this city-the citadel historians have called cyclopean masonry is a term used to describe people not only how to build these amazing structures is to build them could only be giants-Cyclops.
The length of the walls of Tiryns is 700 m and the width about 8 meters. The city was built on a small hill with a height of 18 meters, on the spot where once stretched the swamp. On a plan of ancient architects,all here had eclogite attackers the ability to attack.
For example, leading into the city from the East road was made with a large slope and rather convoluted – that the attackers were more vulnerable. A first gate immediately followed by another – intermediate, larger. Particularly noteworthy are located in the southern part of the fortress vaulted gallery near the inner gate. In the Western part of the citadel survived the stairs that connected the outer and inner fences.
In the North of the citadel housed the tanks of water.
The ancient city of Lissos was previously the port city of Dorian Elyros, which is located near the modern village of Rodovani. Lissos was destroyed by the Arabs, the Saracens, who arrived from Spain. Sachsisches is a picturesque place with beautiful scenery that holds many unsolved mysteries.
This prosperous city had its Asclepio with healing water, where he treated people from all over the island. Unfortunately, Asclepio was destroyed by the earthquake, so today you can see only the mosaic floors with images of geometric shapes and animals. In addition to Asclepio at Lissos has a Roman cemetery with crypts. The city is also the chapel of St. kyrik, where pilgrims arrive on the day of his birthday party – July 15.
To get to Lissos is possible by boat from Sougia (20 minutes) or on foot along the path from Sougia (2 hours). Continue reading
The specialists of the Institute of history of material culture (IIMK), ran (St. Petersburg) went to the Crimea to study the hidden underwater of the ancient city of Acre, which is called the “Crimean Atlantis”, reported the press service of the Institute on Tuesday.
“We are still in the early research. While we know very little, at best, five percent of everything that can be opened in the process of studying the Acres. We get two defensive walls, two towers, one room, the remains of the walls. You have to maintain a regular systematic large-scale works – the monument deserves it”, – the press service cites the words of archaeologist Sergei Solovyov.
The study of the Acres being the scientists of the Institute together with specialists of the State Hermitage and the black sea center of underwater researches of the Crimea for four years. According to Solovyov, the location of the ancient city and the state of conservation of the fortification of the buildings make a monument of history “a fascinating subject for research and an important historical source”.
“Unique to the Black sea the situation where almost all ancient city was under water, almost without losing its integrity, takes to the acre on one of the first places in the region in order of importance for underwater archaeology and her research become pervostepenniye not only to explore ancient history and culture of the black sea region, but also to improve the methods of underwater archaeology”, – stated in a press release.
During the expedition, the archaeologists plan to undertake excavations of the remnants of the house, which according to creation time refers to the first half of the IV century BC Work begins with a survey of the bottom conditions and changes that might occur since the completion of the last expedition. Continue reading
The outgoing year can definitely be called the year of the most important archaeological finds, many of which have led scientists to take another look at the history of human culture. Excursion into the past enables us to foresee the future — that’s why almost every major archaeological discovery accompanied by some stir in all scientific circles. Here, for example, a dozen major findings, which were made by the archaeologists in 2015.
The new monument, found just a few kilometers from Stonehenge, was one of the most impressive finds of this year. The largest stone monument in Europe consists of a series of huge stones arranged in a semicircle. Archaeologists believe that Superedi was built 4,500 years ago. The opening clearly shows: Stonehenge does not stand in splendid isolation on the edge of Salisbury plain. On the contrary, the monument was only the center of a much larger building — probably the Oldest religious pretzel
In Germany discovered the oldest pretzel in the world. 250 years lay the pretzels under the floor of a destroyed bakery in Stuttgart. It is believed that the owner threw a party damaged products in the cellar — but what is the practical benefit of this information to us at least, is not clear. The oldest peach
In General, this year quite a lot of archaeological discoveries were more or less connected with food. In Italy, for example, found a sunken Roman ship: for 2000 years the supplies in the hold turned from a food into a subject of scientific interest. In China researchers have found several the world’s oldest peach kernels, Dating back millions of years. Celtic Prince
Archaeologists working in North-West France, have unearthed the tomb of a Celtic Prince, buried in the Iron age. The leader, seated on a battle chariot, was immured in the center of a huge mound. Other items found here are allegedly made of Etruscan and Greek artists. This discovery led researchers to take a fresh look at the distance that could be overcome by our ancestors. Etruscan tomb Continue reading