On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading
When Columbus associates has opened a New land that was not India, they found not only dying from smallpox sufferers. They opened a world of unprecedented animals and plants that are found only in America. And only after this event, as it was believed until recently, Europeans became acquainted with leaves of Coca Bush and all the ensuing consequences. But now it turns out that in this story not all ends meet. If Columbus was the first European to set foot on American soil, how can one explain the traces of cocaine found on the bodies of Egyptian mummies? In 1992, German scientists have done studies one of the mummies, and to my surprise I found traces of hashish, tobacco and cocaine in hair, skin, and bones. For example, hemp could bring back from Asia, it’s not that unbelievable. Egyptian pharaohs a lot of things could afford. But tobacco and cocaine could be born only from the New world! In a building the conventional historical science is cracked and faltered. Before mummification, it turns out the pharaohs with his family already dabbled in cocaine.It is the same as in the blood of some of our celebrities suddenly found a drug that grows only on Venus. How could this happen? Here everyone has their own theory. Somebody’s sinning in archaeologists, who in celebration of the valuable findings could have a party and tried to connect the mummies to the General merriment. Or the mummies themselves were fake, or someone from the archaeologists overzealous in their love of mummies and mummification. The German scientists did what in their place would make everyone who values its reputation, they had another independent examination. And again found the drugs. And then they announced across-a drug test all available mummies. A third of them tested positive for nicotine. Moreover. In the guts of Ramses II were found pieces of tobacco leaves. And not only the leaves is a dead tobacco beetle was found last shelter in the womb of the great Pharaoh. Any ideas?
The Hebrew inscription on the stone in new Mexico
This 90-ton rock found in America, near Albuquerque (new Mexico) in 1933. As it turned out, the ten commandments inscribed in Hebrew. Experts from around the world could not grasp how this could be. To assume that in ancient America found a scholar of the Hebrew – to put it mildly, unlikely. In addition, some of the letters of the inscription borrowed from the Greek alphabet, i.e. the one who is scratched, had to know at least two languages Continue reading
This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer “Iliad” and “Odyssey”. It is believed that the events described by this author, date back to the Mycenaean era.
The history of Troy
Troy itself is quite unremarkable town, which is also sometimes called Ilion. It is an ancient settlement, with a fairly powerful defensive wall, located in Asia Minor near the Aegean sea. Residents who lived on the territory of this city, was called tikrai. Archaeologists have determined that a great influence on architectural buildings had a Western Anatolian civilization. In those days. This city was called Taruishi. Previously it was thought that such terms “Troy” or “Ilion” could mean a completely different city same ancient state. Well what else can I say… Archaeologists claim that the first stone was laid in 3000 – 2600 BCE And at that time even the city was not considered. This settlement had a round shape, and the size was only in diameter 100 – 150 m. as it was not large, and was guarded only by two towers and perimeter walls. In this old Troy walked through the main gate. Now,archeologists can assume that this settlement burned down.
After this incident this place was erected the town. He was not much more than the previous and had a diameter of about 150 – 170 m. In the heart of this city there was a Palace, surrounded by a large garden. All other space was occupied by warehouses and residential buildings. And it is to this stage of the history of this city include, archaeologists found a treasure, which included weapons and gems. Therefore, this city was rich and over time it began to expand its borders. It lasted a very long time, scientists suggest that this period lasted from 2300-1900 BCE And expanded it with the help of new homes and warehouses. So there are new small streets. Gaining more and more power and territory, Continue reading