On the eve of the day of archaeologist, celebrated on 15 August, the head of the Department of archaeology of the Moscow Russia of the Institute of archaeology Russian Academy of Sciences Leonid Belyaev told about the most interesting artifacts found by experts this year.
The first birch-bark Vologda
On the site where was founded the city of Vologda (the territory of the archaeological monument “Vologda settlement”), has discovered a unique artifact – bark scroll of the XVI century. Such certificates on birch bark was found only in nine Russian cities.
The amazing fact is that on birch bark, survived several centuries, it is still possible to make out the text, inscribed by our ancestors. Part of the message has already managed to solve. It talks about the financial Affairs of the first mentioned and the ruble. Here’s how he deciphered the message: “Jacob, Ananikov father-in-law, your Brother Ostaf! I sent you a ruble to a ruble Samojla. And I have no penny, no protorov”.
Soon birchbark scroll will then be specially dried, after which it will preserve and placed under glass, which protects it from moisture. Soon, this discovery will join the collection of the Vologda Museum-reserve.
In the city centre have unearthed the remains of an old bridge
The territory of Kitai-Gorod was carefully dug during the Soviet years, however archeologically another surprise. With the construction of the Park, which is being built on the site of the demolished hotel “Russia”, resumed excavations. Experts managed to find remains of a wooden bridge of the seventeenth century, which was shopping street and was a track curve of the lane closest to kitajgorodskoj wall street. Continue reading
This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer “Iliad” and “Odyssey”. It is believed that the events described by this author, date back to the Mycenaean era.
The history of Troy
Troy itself is quite unremarkable town, which is also sometimes called Ilion. It is an ancient settlement, with a fairly powerful defensive wall, located in Asia Minor near the Aegean sea. Residents who lived on the territory of this city, was called tikrai. Archaeologists have determined that a great influence on architectural buildings had a Western Anatolian civilization. In those days. This city was called Taruishi. Previously it was thought that such terms “Troy” or “Ilion” could mean a completely different city same ancient state. Well what else can I say… Archaeologists claim that the first stone was laid in 3000 – 2600 BCE And at that time even the city was not considered. This settlement had a round shape, and the size was only in diameter 100 – 150 m. as it was not large, and was guarded only by two towers and perimeter walls. In this old Troy walked through the main gate. Now,archeologists can assume that this settlement burned down.
After this incident this place was erected the town. He was not much more than the previous and had a diameter of about 150 – 170 m. In the heart of this city there was a Palace, surrounded by a large garden. All other space was occupied by warehouses and residential buildings. And it is to this stage of the history of this city include, archaeologists found a treasure, which included weapons and gems. Therefore, this city was rich and over time it began to expand its borders. It lasted a very long time, scientists suggest that this period lasted from 2300-1900 BCE And expanded it with the help of new homes and warehouses. So there are new small streets. Gaining more and more power and territory, Continue reading
Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.
The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)
World’s oldest pretzel
Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery
In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.
A bakery in the old photo
The oldest peach stones
Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter. Continue reading