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Ancient Civilizations and Prophets

According to another legend, which is set out in the Chronicles of the nearby Buddhist monastery, the pyramids began in the era of ancient emperors, whose ancestors came to Earth on “the kites of iron”. Therefore, the oldest of the pyramids is more than 5,000 years. A full-blooded descendants of those ancient aliens from outer space in China is considered to be the stunted folk “Zopa”, living now in China’s Sichuan province. Far from their settlements, in a remote area of the mountain range of Bayan-Kara-Ula are amazing ancient burial sites. In huge multi-tiered buildings are absolutely correct round shape with radiating in all directions stone rays are numerous graves with the remains of the ancestors “Zopa”, the age of the earliest of which nearly 12,000 years! Inside the tombs lie the skeletons of mysterious creatures similar to human, but differs from them a disproportionately large skull is too thin and fragile bones. In some burials the researchers also found metal disks with a diameter of 30 cm and a thickness of 1 cm, on which both parties were located in a spiral engraved with unknown characters and symbols. Just found 715 similar disks, most of them had traces of exposure in the distant past of strong magnetic fields. After decryption, Kotorosl about 25 years, was that the drives contain the history of the destruction of the spaceship of the ancestors “Zopa” that had come from Sirius, as well as the hardships and suffering endured by those who survived after the disaster. Since then, on the orders of the Chinese government the area is declared closed for any unauthorized visits.

True or not, but really ancient China has produced many unique inventions: from the first rocket technology and gunpowder to printing and toilet paper. Two thousand years ago the Chinese already used drilling rigs for salt mining, oil and gas. Their height exceeded 50 m, they used durable bamboo cables and iron drills of different shapes, and the extracted gas was passed at a distance on the pipe system. Then were developed the first tool – a device for measuring the distance traveled by the cart; the basis of their mechanism constituted of a gear reducer, the prototype of the modern manual transmission car. In the II century of our era scientist and inventor Zhang Heng (78-139 ad) invented the first seismograph, which allowed to predict earthquakes, and celestial globe of mechanical and compass (a cart with a mechanism of gears, a pointer Continue reading

In search of ancient cities of the Eastern Aral sea region

The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.

Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.

Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.

The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading

The Museum of archaeology and Ethnography

The prehistory Museum of archaeology and Ethnography of the OGPU associated with the names of prominent Soviet archaeologists explorers of Western Siberia and Altai – Vyacheslav Aleksandrovich and Vladimir Mogilnikova I. matyushchenko. In the expeditions under their management had collected material for the first collections, which was first housed in the office of archeology of historical faculty of the state pedagogical University press.

These scholars have led archaeological practices of students of the history Department in the 1960s, in the period when specialists at the University was not yet. A little later the head of the practice and therefore the author received in the office of archaeology collections is becoming Zakharova Irina Petrovna. In fact, when the first phase began in the life of the future Museum. Researchers headed by I. P. Zakharova have started to create a database of the collections of the future Museum. The most important monuments, excavated then Rostovkinskomu burial ground and ancient city of Merlinka.

In the 70-ies of the transfer of the collection into the study of archaeology began B. A. Conic, one of the leading researchers of the developed middle ages of Western Siberia, a graduate and teacher of the OGPU (then MGPI them. A. M. Gorky). The main sources of revenue collections of the expedition were conducted in the framework of archaeological practice of students of the faculty. It was then that began to form the focus of the future Museum collection of collections on the early iron age and the middle ages. This was due to the scientific internationaldata and problems facing the Western Siberian archeology.

In the 80-ies, archaeologists OGPU launched a broad field of study that directly affected the volume of material coming in future archeological and ethnographic Museum. In this decade, in the Omsk region began to operate program for certification of monuments of history and culture. Active participation in it took the archaeologists OGPU. It is worth noting the design of the archive of the Museum – it was systematized and has regularly been enriched with materials certification. In 80-ies active research begins E. M. Danchenko, continues work B. A. Conic. During this period, the store received collection of monuments from eras of the middle ages and the early iron age from the Northern part of the Middle Irtysh region (Fort Great log, Omsk Parking, Sargatskoe mounds, monuments, and Utima novonikolsky-III). Continue reading

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Living history, or the Most ancient cities of Europe
Europe is not called "the Old world", emphasizing its ancient and rich history. However, the age of most of the European cities which attracts tourist for its historical sites, several…

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