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The basic techniques of excavations of burial grounds

Excavations of burial grounds and settlements is the most critical part of the procedure of field research in archaeology. Intelligence give information of different levels, which you can then repeatedly to check and add to it. The procedure of laboratory studies of a kind and also dependent on the improvement of the methods used. Excavations unique.

How carefully and professionally executed excavations of the monument, he was, nevertheless, destroyed. After excavation, he ceases to exist completely or in part as a monument of archeology, becomes the amount of scientific materials and information. Therefore, to unearth the monuments should only specialists with appropriate training and permission for the excavations (open sheet).

The organization conducting the excavation, the excavation Director must take care of the participation in the expedition of the necessary specialists. The excavation is supervised by the specialist archaeologist. The detachment must have assistants, laboratory technicians, skilled Photographer, draftsman, restorer, an anthropologist and other specialists, depending on the objectives of the field research.

The main tasks of the study of burial grounds

The study of ancient graves in the world and Russian science has a long history. Their excavations have presented the science with enormous archaeological, anthropological and other material. However, the peculiarity of this kind of monuments is that laid buried with only those items that are necessary for the burial ceremony.Thus, in the allocation of archaeological culture cannot be based only on data obtained from graves, as was done previously. However, it is incorrect to make General conclusions about archaeological culture only on some materials of settlements. The materials of these monuments should be subjected to an overall analysis. This allows us to achieve the necessary completeness of the data for reconstructing archaeological cultures. Continue reading

The archaeological Museum of Istanbul

The archaeological Museum in Istanbul is a real time machine that will help you to make a journey through the centuries. Istanbul is a city that is over 2000 years old. Just think about these numbers! After all, 2000 years is 20 centuries 730000 or days and nights. All of these millenniums, centuries, years and days there lived and people died, leaving behind many accompanying things. These things are real treasures, although at first glance it is a normal pot or a statue, or even just stone. And all because this is our cultural heritage, worthy of admiration!

Numerous archaeological finds made on the territory of Istanbul and Turkey, and beyond them are now kept in the archaeological Museum. A lot of people – local residents, experts scientists from all over the world, as well as just visitors comes here every day. So, deciding to go there, please be patient – long queues you can not avoid. By the way, these queues are some of the most short in relation to the queues at Hagia Sophia or, say, the Basilica Cistern or Topkapi Palace.

Istanbul archaeology museums: how to get

To find the Museum itself is very easy – facing the Aya Sofya (Hagia Sophia), locate a small,but very nice and Atmeydani Caddesi her envelope on the left side. Follow this lane straight on, without (Atmeydani Caddesi after a while “change” the name on Alemdar Caddesi) and noticing the crowd next to Istanbul Arkeoloji Müzesi, stop. You are on the spot.

For more information please refer to our map of tourist attractions in Istanbul .

Istanbul archaeological Museum is striking from the entrance. Even standing in line for a ticket, and I want to look behind the iron gate blocking the way. Already seen the first exhibits, which, in fact, is the physical building of the Museum, as well as numerous statues, vessels, millstones, etc., that is located in a cozy courtyard. Continue reading

Paleontologists in Canada have found the remains

Scientists from Britain and Canada found in Western Canada remains of fish, which is probably the ancestor of all modern and extinct inhabitants of the seas and freshwater bodies. Description of fossils and assumptions about its significance to the history of the evolution of life on Earth published in an article in the journal Nature .

Jean-Bernard Caron of the University of Toronto and his colleague Simon Morris from Cambridge University has for decades carried out excavations in South-Eastern British Columbia (province in Western Canada), where lie the rocks of the so-called Burgess shale. They were formed at the bottom of the primary ocean of the Earth 509-505 million years ago, in the Cambrian era, during which he conceived and began to develop multicellular life.

The Burgess shales and their Chinese counterpart, Maotianshan are considered a kind of El Dorado of modern paleontology — only in strata preserved imprints of cartilage, bones and soft tissues of the first vertebrates. Despite the richness of these shales, scientists know almost nothing about how it looked the first fish as they emerged and evolved in the first era after the Cambrian explosion.

Caroni Morris found, apparently, the final answer to these questions by studying the fossilized remains of the ancient inhabitants of the oceans found in the so-called marble Canyon — previously unknown to scientists parts of the Burgess shale, which is open by the authors in 2020 in the national Park of Kootenay. In just two weeks of excavation in the canyon they found hundreds of fossils of large marine animals, including a creature that scientists have ranked as the mind Metaspriggina walcotti.

This is not a new kind: the first fossils of Metaspriggina walcotti had been discovered on the territory of “big” Burgess two years ago. The remains are preserved so poorly that their discoverers could not recover the General features of his appearance, or even to understand whether their owner vertebrates. The Caron and Maurice managed to find over a hundred prints Metaspriggina walcotti shales in Marble Canyon, many of which are preserved so well that they can see the smallest details of the structures of the eye, the muscles and other soft tissues. Continue reading

The remains of the earliest settlements
This will happen if archaeologists will not carry out their mandated work On the new constructions on the hem on the street of St. Andrew, 2/12, paradoxical situation. Scientists from…

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An ancient city destroyed by a nuclear blast
Mohenjo-Daro ( "hill of the dead") — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city…

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