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In search of ancient cities of the Eastern Aral sea region

The names of ancient cities JEND, Asanas and Barcket long been known, but where their exact location and what they are, this question will try to answer archaeologists Karl Baipakov and Dmitriy Voyakin.

Historical tradition has preserved the idea of the Syr Darya river, called by ancient writers the Jaxartes, a medieval Turkic — Jinchu-Oguz, Arab — seyhun, on the border of two worlds — North and South of Turan, Iran, ranchers and farmers, cities and steppes.

Kazakh part of the Aral sea region — Eastern Aral region is a clayey plain adjacent to the Aral sea from the East, cut by river channels of the ancient Syr-Darya Delta. The shape of the region look like a giant triangle, which occupies over 400 quadratkilometern in the latitudinal direction and 200-250 kilometers in the meridional direction. In Eastern Aral region there are four systems of ancient Syr Darya channels: Inkardarya, Zhanadarya, Kuvandarya and Premawardhana (or Eskidaryalyk). They radiate out from the Syr Darya bed, South of Kyzylorda city. This was the area of interaction of different cultures, kind of a crossroads of migration and trade routes, a place of coexistence of different peoples, which allowed S. P. Tolstov to the territory of the lower reaches of two great Central Asian rivers-the “Aral node of ethnogenesis”.

The history of archaeological study of the Aral sea and South of Kazakhstan began in the second half of the nineteenth century after their joining to Russia; large-scale studies have taken place in the Soviet period. A new milestone in the archaeological study of the ancient culture of the region was the adoption in 2004 of the program “Cultural heritage”. Archaeological research was carried out in numerous settlements located near the ancient channels of the Syr Darya. During the excavations collected, processed and analyzed significant information layer associated with the story, often only slightly illuminated by written sources, and therefore concealing many important for the reconstruction of a General historical outline of the issues. The city is an integral part of human society in its material manifestations — buildings, streets, fortifications, numerous products of work and life — can tell us not only about the material side of social life, but also about its social structure, internal processes, the spiritual quest… Continue reading

Black diggers Novorossiysk

Last week in the city-hero of the law enforcement officers stopped the illegal extraction of marl on the slope of the Markotkh range.

The building materials were mined in the immediate vicinity of the houses, but found “the southern Times”, this is a violation of the law is not the most serious in this situation. Stories like this, the editors have published more than once. In light of the construction of highways in the Krasnodar territory the event and even acquires a sinister color.

The staff of the office economic security and combating corruption GU MVD of Russia in Krasnodar region stopped illegal activities of subsoil users on 21 October, on Wednesday, arresting all persons working on the site construction equipment: excavator, bulldozer, and several dump trucks. Up to this point the work in this territory were, with varying degrees of intensity, 2010. And before that it was just covered with natural vegetation, the slope of the Markotkh range.

The plot, in question, is 20 metres from a residential area in the street of cement plant “Proletariat”, and at some point began to be the object of commercial interests of various businesses.

In 2010 there appeared the construction site and the work went on in full swing. According to some information,then the owner of the land on which construction began, was a senior official from Krasnodar, apparently, therefore, the administration of Novorossiysk covers associated with project disturbances.

But the protests of local residents is still forced authorities to revoke the building permit, and construction was frozen. Continue reading

The archaeological site of ancient Troy

This article refers to the main sights of Turkey. Namely, the city of Troy. Connected with it many legends, but the main can be considered poems of Homer “Iliad” and “Odyssey”. It is believed that the events described by this author, date back to the Mycenaean era.

The history of Troy

Troy itself is quite unremarkable town, which is also sometimes called Ilion. It is an ancient settlement, with a fairly powerful defensive wall, located in Asia Minor near the Aegean sea. Residents who lived on the territory of this city, was called tikrai. Archaeologists have determined that a great influence on architectural buildings had a Western Anatolian civilization. In those days. This city was called Taruishi. Previously it was thought that such terms “Troy” or “Ilion” could mean a completely different city same ancient state. Well what else can I say… Archaeologists claim that the first stone was laid in 3000 – 2600 BCE And at that time even the city was not considered. This settlement had a round shape, and the size was only in diameter 100 – 150 m. as it was not large, and was guarded only by two towers and perimeter walls. In this old Troy walked through the main gate. Now,archeologists can assume that this settlement burned down.

After this incident this place was erected the town. He was not much more than the previous and had a diameter of about 150 – 170 m. In the heart of this city there was a Palace, surrounded by a large garden. All other space was occupied by warehouses and residential buildings. And it is to this stage of the history of this city include, archaeologists found a treasure, which included weapons and gems. Therefore, this city was rich and over time it began to expand its borders. It lasted a very long time, scientists suggest that this period lasted from 2300-1900 BCE And expanded it with the help of new homes and warehouses. So there are new small streets. Gaining more and more power and territory, Continue reading

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The art of the Aegean world
Aegean civilization one of the ancient civilizations. It has evolved over the two millennia (3000 to 1200 years BC). The territory, which it occupied: the Aegean sea and its Islands,…

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As "black archeologists" treasure lost
For the last couple of centuries, archaeologists around the world have found more than hundreds of thousands of household items and hunting, which tell about life of our ancestors long…

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