Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years. Continue reading
Once, during a sudden and terrible fall of rain, a short man tried to find shelter in the Alps. All alone, in this godforsaken place, he, despite the pain in his chest, fled from enemies, sognava from their homes a few weeks ago. He suffered excruciating pain as evidenced by multiple broken ribs. Faint from hunger and thirst, he found shelter in a small rocky grotto. It was here that he died. Soon after his death began a snow, which hid the body of the deceased from the mouth of the beast and beak of a scavenger bird. And then began to slip the glacier. This could be to put the end if after 5000 years, especially the rays of the hot summer sun is not penetrating the cover of permafrost.
The mtrs, or as it is called – the Iceman (Ice Man) – was discovered dwma tourists from Germany, 19 September 1991 at the height of 3210 meters in the area of the Austrian-Italian border. More precisely – in the permafrost zone of gg, which is an integral part of the Autonomous province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). Preserved not only the body of ancient man, but his clothes, tools and weapons – all that, as a rule, archaeologists and scientists have to fantasize, and speculate. Of course, at first no one supposed that the aged poor guy will stun even the most sophisticated and experienced archaeologists – we all thought that the body belongs to a brave man, missing no more than two decades ago. Therefore, it is logical however, to retrieve the body of the thick ice was entrusted to the representatives of the Austrian police and mountain rescuers. Say pathologic anatomist, who made the initial examination of the tissues of the body, thought junk devices. But, fortunately, he was the person responsible and not too far from academia.
Once it became clear that we are talking about a man, near the age of which Egyptian pyramids look just fledgling Chicks, Ozi experienced the full power of modern science. They were examined, got measured; every piece of his body to enlighten the x-rays and examined under a microscope. Ozi was 160,5 cm tall and at the time of death his age was 40-45 years. Five laboratories conducted the radiocarbon study and agreed on the fact that died about the mtrs … 5100-5350 years ago! Continue reading
Claudia Chang (Claudia Chang), an archeologist at Sweet Briar College of Virginia, does research and conducts excavations in the seven rivers, geographic region, most of which is located on the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan. She deals with this issue for two decades and says the results of the latest research disproves the existing opinion about the representatives of the steppe civilization as cruel and backward people.
Ms. Chang, along with colleagues published the results of years of work in the monograph “the Ancient art and culture of Kazakhstan”. The book was published in the publishing house of the University pristanische in parallel with the opening of the exhibition about the archaeology of the Iron age in the Museum of the Institute of the Ancient world at new York University. The exhibition presents artifacts of the nomadic tribes of the first Millennium BC, was found not only in Central Asia but in Persia and China. It is a product of the Iranian-speaking Saka tribes close to the Scythians; presumably Turkic wusun, who lived in those days in the North of uyguriya; items Pazyryk culture. The exhibition features inlaid turquoise and coral gold diadem made wusun the master and a few dozen Golden statuettes leopards and ibex. The geography of finds includes a large part of the territory of sovremennostyu from Shilikty near the Aral sea to the mountains of Tarbagatai ridge on the Eastern border with China. The exhibits have been selected to better show the interpenetration of steppe culture with ancient Chinese and Persian traditions.
Soren stark (Soeren Stark), co-curator of the exhibition and author of one of the sections of the book, talks about the community symbolism of ancient Persia and Central Asia. For example, the mythological winged creature, the Chimera with the body of a deer and wings of an eagle was revered in both regions, can be traced in China. The exhibited items indicate a high level of skill of the ancient craftsmen. Continue reading