Incredible archaeological discoveries this year
Superking already recognized the most spectacular find of archaeologists in 2015. This stone monument of the Neolithic is located on the South-West of England two miles from Stonehenge. Superking 40 stone blocks, arranged in C-shaped line. Their age is estimated at 4500 years, and in some reach a height of four meters. Archaeologists have discovered Superking without excavation, by using remote sensing while working on the international project “the Invisible landscape of Stonehenge”. Now it is clear that “the landscape of Stonehenge” hides many secrets that can be revealed to us next year.
The estimated location of boulders, Superchange (computer graphics)
World’s oldest pretzel
Part of the pretzel, discovered underneath the floors of the bakery
In the center of archaeological events in 2015 was the food. In Germany under the floor of the old bakery have found a pretzel (seriously, pretzel), the age of which is estimated at 250 years. Now — attention — the most interesting part of the story: probably a Baker tried to burn the dish immediately after baking, after which vikinglotto. It helped pretzel waiting for a star hour in two and a half centuries almost intact.
A bakery in the old photo
The oldest peach stones
Continuing the theme of food. In the southwest of China archaeologist Tao su found an ancient bone fruit. The word “ancient”, we mean that the age of the finds is about 2.5 million years! Despite this, bone is well preserved and has allowed scientists to figure out that in the ancient times the fruit of the wild peach was about 5 cm in diameter.
France discovered the tomb of the Prince of the iron age, buried in the champagne region together with his chariot. The size of the tomb is about 14 square meters, and the age is 2.5 thousand years. Together with the Prince’s remains were discovered a unique burial artifacts of the iron age, among which a bronze pot wine.
Place of discovery of the remains
Part of a huge boiler for wine
Intact Etruscan tomb
Another intact Etruscan burial was discovered in the Tuscan region to the South-West from Perugia. A local farmer accidentally discovered voids in the earth when weeding the field with a plow. The void proved to be the tomb, which is more than two thousand years remained intact. Burial is a square room, in which there were two sarcophagi and four urns with cremated remains. Archaeologists suggest that the tomb could be the family crypt.
Bible the fortress of Acre
The ruins of the ancient fortress of Acre
Biblical archaeologists have made a major opening, unraveling one of the greatest mysteries of Jerusalem — they found the Greek fortress of Acre. Built by the Greek king Antiochus IV more than 2,000 years ago, the fortress was mentioned in the Jewish religious sources, and archaeologists have been searching for evidence of its existence more than 100 years.
Graveyard of sunken ships
Opening in a small Greek archipelago is rightly called one of the most impressive underwater archaeological finds of 2015. 22 the sunken ship were found on the territory of 17 square miles within the archipelago of fourni. The information collected on the excavation, approximately 12% of all historical information about shipwrecks in the territorial waters of Greece. The ships were found in 10 days and belong to the periods from the Archaic (700-480 BCE) to the late middle Ages (XVI century).
Ancient scrolls and ancient dentistry
In 2015, the archaeologists worked not only on “field work”, but also in laboratories.
The molar tooth study, the age of which counts more than 14 000 years, has led scientists to the discovery of the first known cases of the application of dental medicine. Using the electric microscope, the archaeologists found that the rate of decay and the tooth was treated silicon tools.
Another discovery in the laboratory: using powerful x-rays, scientists read ancient scrolls without unfolding them. The scrolls were carbonized to coal, when the ancient Roman city of Herculaneum was covered by a cloud of volcanic gases during the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 ad (the carbonation is a chemical process in which material is heated in nitrogen or argon at temperatures from 800 to 1500 °C, resulting in the formation of graphite-like structures. — Approx. ed.).