In Egypt, archaeologists discovered the remains of an unknown Pharaoh

The remains of this Pharaoh may be the most significant recent archaeological finds

The remains of the Pharaoh who lived 3600 years ago, discovered this month in southern Egypt may be the most significant of recent archaeological discoveries. Scientists have discovered a previously unknown burial site, which probably could be put on a par with the tombs in the Valley of the kings, according to Past Horizons .

The remains of the Pharaoh Seneca are the first convincing proof of the existence of the dynasty of the pharaohs, which the archaeologists had suspected but never seen any evidence of their existence. Next to the tomb of Seneca can be found about 20 previously unknown rulers of Egypt, said the head of the archaeological excavations of Joseph Wegner.

“It could be something like the Valley of the kings”, he added, referring to the famous tomb in Luxor in southern Egypt, where Tutankhamun is buried, through which the Valley of the kings became so famous.

“We believe that can be found many tombs of the rulers – said Wegner, who for more than two decades explored the area of Abydos – an ancient city, which lies to the South of modern Cairo. – Now,if we take into account the likely existence of 20 of the pharaohs, we can assume the possibility of detecting a whole dynasty of kings who are buried here.”

An unknown third dynasty

Entering the tomb of Seneca the first time, Wegner found that she was robbed many decades ago: the mummified body was torn to pieces, definitely was missing some jewelry and artifacts.

But a team of archaeologists Wegner from the University of Pennsylvania, working in cooperation with the Ministry of antiquities of Egypt, were able to collect most of the skeleton of Seneca. However, scientists did not find the bottom jaw. Pharaoh’s name was deciphered from hieroglyphs, carved on tomb walls. Further analysis showed that Seneca was incredibly high for its time is 178 centimeters. It also became known that he died when he was 40 years old.

It is believed that version of the name of the forgotten Pharaoh, written with spelling errors, had met before, but Wegner said that the team first learned about this ruler.

“At first we were a little shocked, – said Wegner. – The name of this Pharaoh in history that has not been met, so at first we had no idea who you’re dealing with”.

The discovery of the remains of the Pharaoh Seneca is the first proof of the existence of a third dynasty of pharaohs that ruled a Central part of Egypt about 1600 years BC and was between the Northern and Southern kingdoms.

The last two kingdoms in the next century merged, but the existence of the third dynasty may indicate the development of complex relations between them and their Union, perhaps, was not so straightforward as previously thought.

In search of unspoiled treasure

In 1997, the Danish archaeologist Kim Ryholt first made the assumption about the existence of forgotten dynasty. But still have found no physical evidence, and many archaeologists put his hypothesis into question.

“Everyone else is very sceptical about this, including myself, told Dr. Irene Forster Mueller, head of the Austrian archaeological Institute in Cairo, who led the excavation of the remains of the same period. – But suddenly we discovered a new tomb that allows us to take a fresh look at the history of Egypt. We were delighted with the findings. It’s really amazing!”

Richolt said was more pleased with the discovery of the remains of Seneca than the fact that his hypothesis had been proven.

Ryholt praised the U.S. team for the reconstruction of the skeleton of Seneca: “This is one of the rare instances where we can actually examine the physical remains of the ruler and I can say anything definite about his appearance”.

Ryholt and Wegner also stressed that the find can tell Egyptologists on the political machinations of the period. “Before that we had circumstantial evidence of that could be a separate Kingdom that coexisted with rival kingdoms of the North and the South, said Wegner. – Now we know that for sure and needs to clarify its role. Was it a buffer state that existed to reduce conflict situations between them, or it was an ally of the Thebans?”

Modest tombs of Seneca may mean the lack of the financial power of the dynasty, said the archaeologist. Wegner believes that some finds could be stolen and transferred from other more ancient tombs.

This place was first discovered by the legendary Egyptologist Flinders Petrie in 1902. But he did not conduct excavations there (perhaps due to the small size of the tomb) and therefore could not detect what was hidden inside. Now the archaeological community of Egypt hopes that this is only the beginning of discovery. “We know that in Abydos, there were other rulers, so the tomb should be longer, says Forster Muller. – Where else if not there?”

Wegner acknowledged: if to keep in mind the aesthetics of the tombs, they can hardly be compared with the tomb of Tutankhamun in Luxor. Most of the Abydos tombs were looted in antiquity. “One can only hope that there will be found some untouched tomb, he said. But in all actuality, what we’re looking for fragments that didn’t get ancient robbers”.

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