Great archaeological finds of the 20th century
Once, during a sudden and terrible fall of rain, a short man tried to find shelter in the Alps. All alone, in this godforsaken place, he, despite the pain in his chest, fled from enemies, sognava from their homes a few weeks ago. He suffered excruciating pain as evidenced by multiple broken ribs. Faint from hunger and thirst, he found shelter in a small rocky grotto. It was here that he died. Soon after his death began a snow, which hid the body of the deceased from the mouth of the beast and beak of a scavenger bird. And then began to slip the glacier. This could be to put the end if after 5000 years, especially the rays of the hot summer sun is not penetrating the cover of permafrost.
The mtrs, or as it is called – the Iceman (Ice Man) – was discovered dwma tourists from Germany, 19 September 1991 at the height of 3210 meters in the area of the Austrian-Italian border. More precisely – in the permafrost zone of gg, which is an integral part of the Autonomous province of Bolzano (South Tyrol). Preserved not only the body of ancient man, but his clothes, tools and weapons – all that, as a rule, archaeologists and scientists have to fantasize, and speculate. Of course, at first no one supposed that the aged poor guy will stun even the most sophisticated and experienced archaeologists – we all thought that the body belongs to a brave man, missing no more than two decades ago. Therefore, it is logical however, to retrieve the body of the thick ice was entrusted to the representatives of the Austrian police and mountain rescuers. Say pathologic anatomist, who made the initial examination of the tissues of the body, thought junk devices. But, fortunately, he was the person responsible and not too far from academia.
Once it became clear that we are talking about a man, near the age of which Egyptian pyramids look just fledgling Chicks, Ozi experienced the full power of modern science. They were examined, got measured; every piece of his body to enlighten the x-rays and examined under a microscope. Ozi was 160,5 cm tall and at the time of death his age was 40-45 years. Five laboratories conducted the radiocarbon study and agreed on the fact that died about the mtrs … 5100-5350 years ago! The mtrs on the body perfectly preserved picture of tattoos in force two parallel lines along the spine, right knee, both shins and ankles. After x-ray study found that the lines of the tattoos coincide exactly with the places of arthritic damage. Could the tattoo have a therapeutic purpose? Maybe… However, the main value for scientists of course were represented by the clothing and equipment mtrs. Cape of woven grass, was in fact quite warm and comfortable. The quality of the Shoe would be the envy of modern producers: waterproof, flexible, it was made so that without risk you can walk on the soft snow. The sole served well handled bear fur and other parts were cut from deerskin. Dry grass, laid inside each “little Shoe” served as a reliable insulator.
A set of weapons and other tools would allow the mtrs to survive in spartanski conditions for quite a long time: near the place of death of Ozi the archaeologists found a broken object, resembling a modern tourist backpack, and an axe with a copper blade and silicon dagger, the scabbard of which were woven from fibers of plants. Fragments of the contents of the backpack indicated that the mtrs had left the settlement during the collection and processing of the crop. In addition, the condition of weapons and other devices clearly testified that the owner used them quite often, since on each piece, there are traces of repeated repairs. Moreover, in an attempt to survive the mtrs have done and new things: for example, archaeologists discovered a damaged quiver, and in it – a blank for the bow, two arrows and 12 rough-hewn arrowheads. With these simple but vital adaptations the old man made a desperate attempt to cross the Alps. But he couldn’t… However, his tragic and lonely death made him immortal. A messenger from the past, he gave face to our ancestors 5000 years and later, albeit silently, but told us about the lifestyle of our distant ancestors.