An international expedition discovered new archaeological finds in the cave

International expedition involved in the excavation of grotto Obi-Rahmat in the mountains of the Tashkent region, where in 2003 he was made a sensational discovery of a Neanderthal skull with signs of modern man, in the summer season of this year found new evidence of development in the valley of the river Paltau unique culture of the transitional type.

– On the site of the former excavations we were able to detect nine new fragments of the frontal part of the skull of the ancient man, which may allow a complete reconstruction of his appearance, and to make a final judgment about amirahmadi mystery of Neanderthal man belonging to a previously unknown anthropological type, – reported IAthe head of expedition, the senior scientific employee of Institute of archeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Academy of Sciences of Russia Andrei Krivoshapkin.


As already reported IA the uniqueness of the finds in the cave of Obi-Rahmat in that they shed light on the unusual culture of mixed type, showing the evolution of our ancestors, contrary to the theory of the “revolution of the upper Paleolithic”. Ancient man, the first remains of which were found in 2003 in the valley of the river Paltau, combines the features of a Neanderthal, which is considered a dead-end, and person of sovremennogo and tools that he used to demonstrate the gradual formation of the “technologies” of the stone age. In the summer of 2006 were found and bone artifacts from the fangs of a boar – evidence of the early circulation of a person with a different material, except stone.

New finds of Russian archaeologists confirmed the sensationalism of the research and the significance of the monument Obi-Rahmat to the world in the human Sciences. However, they added and mysteries.

– In August of this year, I skull fragments, we found the limb bones with the epiphyses of the cleaved, indicating the extraction of marrow. If the result of the anthropological analysis revealed that these bones really belong to the man, not animals, which he ate, you can assume that we are talking about cannibalism, which, in General, met in the Paleolithic, – says Andrey Krivoshapkin, stressing that it is only unsubstantiated conjecture.


In the summer of 2006 an international expedition expanded our excavations in the valley of the river Pskem were found stone tools, the antiquity of which can be dated before 200 thousand years ago. This is a reconstruction of a complete picture of the evolution of ancient man in the area. But before scientists arise and new questions. As stated in the results of the excavations 2003-2006 transition culture in the valley of the river Paltau has been approximately 50-70 thousand years ago. Then the material properties disappear for quite a long period, again by showing up at Obi-Rahmat and the surrounding area only in the layers belonging to the time already about 25 thousand years ago.


– Or we just can’t find the “missing links”, or material culture for some unknown reasons disappeared for tens of millennia from the secure natural environment of the area, shared his doubts about the Russian scientist. But the paleoclimate data do not suggest any, for example, a catastrophic climate change. Therefore, we are expanding the geography of our work, hoping, in particular, to find traces of migration or to determine the cause of this gap in the ancient history of the region.

Next summer international expedition plans to conduct a deep study of Kulbulak monument and other sites of the primitive people near Angren and Yangiabad located on the opposite side of the mountain pass.

– On Kulbulak, where since the sixties of the last century preserved some infrastructure for expedition life, we’re going with the next season to deploy a stationary camp an International archaeological school, where they will be held joint practice students-archaeologists from Uzbekistan, universities of Siberia, Japan, South Korea and, possibly, post-graduate students of European universities. Thus, future scientists interested in solving the same problems, start to tie a very useful and promising connection in the scientific circles of different countries, – said the head of the expedition.

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