An ancient city destroyed by a nuclear blast
Mohenjo-Daro ( “hill of the dead”) — the city of Indus valley civilization, which emerged around 2600 BC Located in Pakistan, in the Sindh province. Is the largest ancient city of the Indus valley and one of the first cities in the history of South Asia, the contemporary civilizations of Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. It was discovered in 1920, together with the city of Harappa in Pakistan. The city is clearly built on the Vedic tradition.
Mohenjo-Daro stands out among the other centers of the Indus civilization is almost perfect layout to use as the main building material brick, as well as the existence of complex irrigation and places of worship. Among other buildings attract the attention of the granary, “big pool” for ritual ablutions 83 sq. m. and elevated “citadel” ( apparently intended to protect from flooding). Width of streets in the city reached 10 m. In Mohenjo-Daro were discovered perhaps the first famous archaeologists of public toilets and urban sanitation. Part of the territory of the lower city, where resided the common people, was eventually flooded by the Indus river and therefore remains unexplored. Find 5000 Senegalese proved that in these places there existed a highly developed civilization. And centuries of established culture. Judge for yourself if the city of high civilization 5000 years, civilization itself could not occur in one day, and this civilization is no less a long prehistory. Which means that civilization and reason that built these cities are even older. It follows a simple logical conclusion. What age to found cities can safely add 2000 years total the age of the civilization itself was at least 7000 years. Most interesting is that the city Mohenjodaro was destroyed by a nuclear blast. In the bones of skeletons found at the site of Mohenjo-Daro ( Mohenjodaro) the level of radiation is exceeded several times. The river which flowed near vanished in an instant.
For many decades archaeologists care about the mystery of the death 3500 years ago the city of Mohenjodaro in India. In 1922 the Indian archaeologist R. Banerji found on one of the Islands of the Indus river ancient ruins. They were called Mohenjo-Daro, which means “hill of the dead”. Even then, questions arose as was destroyed that big city, where are its inhabitants? None of the excavations are not responded to…
In the ruins of buildings were not numerous corpses of people and animals and the wreckage of weapons and the traces of ruin. Obvious there was only one fact – the crash occurred suddenly and lasted a short time.
Cultural decay is a slow process, traces of the inundation could not be found. Moreover, there is undeniable evidence of massive fires. The epidemic affects people calmly strolling through the streets or engaged in the business, suddenly and at the same time And this was the case is confirmed by the location of the skeletons. Paleontological studies also reject the hypothesis of the epidemic. Can reject a version of a sudden attack of invaders, none of the skeletons found no traces left by a cold weapon.
A very unusual version was made by the Englishman D. Davenport and E. Vincenti Italian. They argue that Mohenjo-Daro survived the fate of Hiroshima. In favor of their hypothesis the authors present the following arguments. Among the ruins scattered across the pieces of baked clay and green glass ( the whole layers!). In all likelihood, sand and clay under high temperature, first melts, and then instantly hardened. The same layers of green glass appear in the desert of Nevada ( USA) every time after a nuclear explosion. Analysis of the samples conducted at the University of Rome and in the laboratory National research Council of Italy, showed that fusion occurred at a temperature of 1400 – 1500 degrees. Such temperatures at those times could be obtained in the furnace metallurgical workshop, but not in vast open areas
If we carefully examine the destroyed buildings, the impression is created that outlines clear area is the epicenter of where all the buildings swept away in some flurry From the center to the periphery gradually reduced the destruction of the best preserved outlying buildings of the Word, a pattern reminiscent of the effects of the atomic bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Aerial view of the city is it Conceivable to assume that the mysterious conquerors of the Indus valley possessed nuclear energy,” This assumption seems incredible and flatly contradicted by the views of modern historical science, However, in the Indian epic Mahabharata refers to a kind of “explosion” that caused a “blinding light, a fire without smoke”, “water began to boil, and the fish was charred” was That just a metaphor” by Dr. Davenport believes that in its basis there. some real events.
But back to the city…
The reconstruction of the city of the Harappan culture belongs to her and Mohenjo-Daro Mohenjo-Daro covers an area of about 259 and had a network of blocks ( the oldest example of such a plan), separated by wide streets with well-developed drainage system, which was divided into smaller and was built up with houses of baked brick. The Dating of this settlement is still a matter of debate. Radiocarbon analysis and communications with Mesopotamia can take it to 2300-1750. BC
When Indian archaeologists D. R. Sahin and R. D. Banerjee was finally able to see the results of their excavations, they saw the red-brick ruins of the oldest city in India belonging to the Indus civilization, the city is quite unusual for the time of its construction – 4.5 thousand years ago. It was planned with great thoroughness: streets, stretched like a ruler, the house is basically the same, proportions reminiscent of boxes for cakes. But behind this “trading” form sometimes disappeared and this design: in the center of the yard, and around four to six living rooms, a kitchen and a room for washing ( at home with this layout are mainly found in the Mohenjo-Daro, the second big city). Preserved in some houses the flights of stairs suggest that and built a two-story house. The main streets were ten-metre-wide, network drives obey a single rule: some were strictly from North to South, and cross from West to East.
But this monotonous, like a chessboard, the city has provided residents unheard of in those days facilities. On all the streets flowed the canals, and of them in the house ( although many found around wells) water was pumped. But more importantly, each house was connected with the Sewerage system laid under ground in pipes of baked brick and displays all the impurities outside the city. It was an ingenious engineering solution that enabled in the fairly limited space to gather heavy masses: in the city of Harappa, for example, at times lived up to 80000 people. The instinct of the then city planners truly amazing! Knowing absolutely nothing about pathogenic bacteria, especially in warm climates, but with probably the accumulated experience of observation, they protect populations from the spread of dangerous diseases.