Amazing archaeological finds
Sometimes archaeological finds do not only become valuable historical artifacts, but also radically change current views of the past. In our review of the 10-ka archaeological discoveries in recent history, which suggest that the ancient people were not so different from those living today.
1. Tintinnabula For centuries the Roman Empire was considered the pinnacle of civilization. Roman ruins are still one of the greatest surviving buildings, but archaeologists unearth new majestic statue amazing work. But for a long time the shocking truth about the everyday life of the Romans was completely hidden from the public. The discovery of Pompeii changed that: people learned that sexuality was literally permeated the whole Roman life. The Romans, for example, was not ashamed of the male reproductive organ. In many homes were found tintinnabula or glockenspiel — a huge winged phalluses, surrounded by bells. The Romans, the phallus symbolized men’s health and it was believed that it drives away bad luck.
2. The antikythira mechanism In 1901, divers had found the remains of an ancient shipwreck off the coast of the Greek island Antikythera. Among the finds were discovered typical trade goods such as statues and vases, ingots of metal. However, also on the surface bloodnet strange mechanical device that even a hundred years after its opening is a mystery. The mechanism, which dates back to 100 BC today considered an early predecessor of the computer. Using various cogs and wheels of the mechanism can be calculated, where to find certain stars and planets in the night sky. This discovery shows not only a deep understanding of movement of celestial bodies, but also an understanding of the structure of the Universe 2 thousands of years ago.
3. Stone spears In South Africa were found sharp pieces of stones that are ideal for the role of tips. Their age was unthinkable 200 000 years. This means that people have been hunting much earlier than was thought possible. Some evidence suggests that humans may have hunted even earlier: there were found the remains of fires, the age of about one million years.
4. Ancient antibiotics Modern antibiotics turned about seventy years. But in Nubia the bones were found, Dating back to the year 550, contain traces of tetracycline — the antibiotic that is still used today. How people are using the antibiotic for fifteen hundred years before its invention? Tetracycline is made using yeast, as yeast can also be used for the production of beer. It seems that the ancient Nubians, including children, drank beer as medicine.
5. Venus of Willendorf One of the oldest ever discovered of the statues depicts an obese woman with huge Tits. The age of Venus of Willendorf, which was discovered in Austria, 26 000 years. It is unlikely that members of the ancient society are so fed, to obese, so the statue is symbolic. Such figures prove that the earliest known religious rites were connected with the worship of femininity.
6. Visby lenses the Visby Lenses are a collection of lenses-crystals of rock crystal, found in Viking graves in Sweden. Despite his age (11-12 century), they were perfectly polished and could zoom in or focus light, like a modern lupam.
7. The Roman dodecahedrons are Sometimes archaeologists find artifacts, the purpose of which no one can unravel. But very rarely it happens that the whole class of artifacts has remained a mystery. Throughout the former Roman Empire to find the small objects in the shape of a dodecahedron, made mainly of bronze. Scientists do not have the slightest idea how was initially able to use these items. Some have suggested that the dodecahedron was used as candlesticks, but not all dodecahedrons have holes made for that purpose.
8. The Baghdad battery In the ruins of Mesopotamia were discovered 2500-year-old vessels with a sealed bottle, inside which were inserted copper cylinders and an iron rod. Their purpose remains a mystery, but it has been suggested that this could be the first prototypes of the batteries. During the experiments it was discovered that if you fill such vessels sour grape juice and seal them, it is possible to produce a voltage of 2-4 volts.
9. Ancient flutes In a cave in Germany were found mammoth bones with slotted holes similar to have been found carved holes, making them similar to the modern flute. The bone age is 40,000 years, which led scientists to assume the existence of music and musicians in the immediate past.
10. Ice man ötzi In 1991, mountain climbers in the Alps found in melting glacier the frozen-in body. After the ice mummy got completely out of ice that defined its age: 5,000 years. Unexpectedly well-preserved remains have greatly helped scientists to learn more about the life of our ancestors. The holes in the ears ötzi was used for threading of earrings in them. Back along the spine, knees, and ankles were covered with tattoos. On the body of the ice man found several wounds, including from the arrows.